Friday, May 17, 2019

Commercial Influences

Scientific research, considered to be the absolute study by universities or other non- technical institutions, is now sightly commercialized gradually. However, the interestingness of business into the professional studies brings more negative impacts than positive ones. App arntly, some special areas that are popular with commercial industries, are now suffering difficult challenges. Therefore, this essay will emphasize how businesses warp science negatively.Indeed, the involvement of commercial companies influences both scientists independence and the relevant proportionateness of different areas. Firstly, scientists who are intermeshed in some areas being sponsored by commercial institutions appear to lose certain parts of their patents and be more dependent on businesses. For example, it is clear that al nigh all engineering department in the UK exhaust received funding from the arms industry (text 3a, lines 27-30).Meanwhile, the research scientists carrying on would be re quired to consider commercial interests more than public needs. Some scientists would be limited to express their own concerns, such as Nancy Olivieri, who is the haematologist of university and have been stopped to publicize her own concerns of the drug toxicity (text 3b, lines 64-66). Secondly, in terms of short-term interests, most companies prefer to participate in some research that is intended to be immediately profitable so that other areas that need a long-term study would be neglected.Definitely, it is so hard for those studies that focus on surroundal problems, such as blue-sky research and low-input agriculture, to gain adequate support from businesses. Even if these research are low-cost and public would benefit lots from them, few companies are willing to cooperate with these studies (text 3a, lines 70-74). Although the excessive involvement of business could be increasingly detrimental, some areas will not worry about the fund whatever more if they can gain more supp ort from business.To avoid the conflict between business and scientific research and to harness the commercial interest effectively, review panels can be set up to value both science and public (text 3b, lines 120-125). In conclusion, the negative participation of businesses are now considered to be an restraint to some extent, but what the social needs most should be an appropriate control from government to balance the commercial and public interests. However, the fact that the commercial behavior brings so bad impacts on the scientific environment cannot be neglected, so that we should approach the conflicts between them.

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